Goliath before the fight #1 began as an investigation questioning the misunderstanding of the biblical character of Goliath. This three-foot resin sculpture, which functions as a lens, is the approximate size of what Goliath’s shield may have been. In Malcolm Gladwell’s book, he opens by disputing Goliath’s physical abilities by questioning what appears to be a discrepancy in the bible’s story. Goliath, a physically large and strong warrior, is lead into the valley of Elah, by someone holding his shield. Why does someone so large and strong need a servant to carry his shield? In addition, he yells out to David, who has volunteered to fight him, “Why do you come at me with sticks?” when David is holding but one staff, not sticks. It is perceived that Goliath may have had a tumor on his pituitary gland. This common symptom of giants leaves him with weakened balance and poor eyesight.
 Malcom Gladwell, David and Goliath: Underdogs, Misfits, and the Art of Battling Giants.